Abstract

  • Leptis Magna in Libya is among the greatest preserved Roman cities, based by historical Berbers and dominated by Emperor Septimius Severus.
  • Timgad in Algeria is a UNESCO-listed metropolis identified for its excellent Roman city planning and preservation.
  • Volubilis in Morocco was a distant Roman frontier metropolis and capital of the Kingdom of Mauretania, with in depth ruins together with temples and arches.

The Roman Empire unfold throughout all of North Africa from simply past the Straits of Gibraltar in Morocco to the Sinai in Egypt. However earlier than the Romans arrived, the Historic Greeks had already constructed numerous colonies and cities in Libya and Egypt (and dominated Ptolemaic Egypt for hundreds of years).

In the present day, this area is filled with ancient Greco-Roman sites like Leptis Magna in Libya and refreshing ancient Roman baths in Algeria. Listed here are a number of the greatest Greco-Roman websites to go to in North Africa.

10
Leptis Magna, Libya


Theater at the spectacular ruins of Leptis Magna
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Theater on the spectacular ruins of Leptis Magna

Lepits Magna is among the greatest preserved historical Roman cities on the earth and was previously a outstanding metropolis of the Carthaginian Empire.

It was based by historical Berbers round 1000 BC and grew lavishly through the reign of Emperor Septimius Severus (193 to 211) – he was born within the metropolis.

  • Historic Civilization: Berber, Carthaginian, Roman
  • Exceptional For: One Of The Greatest Preserved Roman Cities

9
Timgad, Algeria


Timgad, ruins of a Roman-Berber city
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Timgad, ruins of a Roman-Berber metropolis

Timgad has been UNESCO-listed since 1982 for being one of the vital excellent Roman cities to see immediately.

It was based by Emperor Trajan round 100 AD, and immediately, it’s famous for being probably the greatest locations to see Roman city planning.

  • Historic Civilization: Roman
  • Exceptional For: Preservation, City Planning

Associated: This Forgotten Roman City Is One Of The Best-Preserved Examples Of Roman Urban Planning

8
Volubilis, Morocco


Volubilis near Meknes in Morocco
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Volubilis close to Meknes in Morocco

Volubilis was one of the far-flung cities of the Roman Empire that sat on its distant Moroccan frontier. It might have additionally been the capital of the Kingdom of Mauretania and grew underneath Roman rule from the first century AD.

In the present day, it’s it’s one probably the greatest historical Greco-Roman websites in North Africa to go to; guests can see in depth ruins, together with temples, basilicas, and triumphal arches.

  • Historic Civilization: Berber, Roman
  • Exceptional For: Frontier Metropolis, Intensive Ruins

7
Amphitheater Of El Jem, Tunisia


The Amphitheater of El Jem, Tunisia
Photograph by Aaron Spray

The Amphitheater of El Jem, Tunisia

The Amphitheater of El Jem rivals the Colosseum in dimension, magnificence, and state of preservation. It is among the biggest monuments nonetheless standing within the historical Roman world and was one of many world’s first UNESCO World Heritage websites (since 1979).

It was constructed round 238 AD and will have accommodated round 35,000 spectators (the Colosseum was over 50,000).

  • Historic Civilization: Roman
  • Exceptional For: Measurement, State of Preservation

Associated: This Tunisia Colosseum Is Home To Tunnels You Can Actually Visit

6
Hammam Essalihine, Algeria


Roman Baths Of Hammam Essalihine
Le plombier du désertCC BY-SA 4.0 through
Wikimedia Commons

Roman Baths Of Hammam Essalihine

The Roman baths of Hammam Essalihine have to be one of many few historical Roman baths nonetheless in use as they’ve been for hundreds of years and are uncommercialized.

It is vitally troublesome to go to Algeria, and so only a few worldwide guests get to see the various in depth Roman ruins in Algeria. So, for now, the Roman baths of Hammam Essalihine stay an area attraction.

  • Historic Civilization: Roman
  • Exceptional For: Un-touristic Roman Baths Nonetheless Used By Locals

5
Cyrene, Libya


Libya, Cyrene, Ruins of Cyrene
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Libya, Cyrene, Ruins of Cyrene

Cyrene is maybe greatest identified for Simon of Cyrene, who’s recorded to have borne the cross of Christ. Cyrene was an historical Greek colonial metropolis in Libya (which had a big Jewish inhabitants on the time).

It was a very powerful of 5 Greek cities within the area (known as the Pentapolis), and immediately, the japanese half of Libya is called after it (Cyrenaica).

  • Civilization: Greco-Roman, Jewish
  • Exceptional For: Greco-Roman Ruins, Wonderful Preservation

4
Roman Carthage, Tunisia


Roman Theater Carthage Full Performance
Aaron Spray

Roman Theater Carthage Full Efficiency

When the Romans destroyed Carthage, they have been overcome with revenge towards their historical foe. They leveled the traditional metropolis to the bottom and swore it ought to by no means be rebuilt.

However over time, they did rebuild it, and immediately, guests can see the vestiges of Carthaginian and Roman ruins within the historical metropolis (and watch a traditional Tunisian performance at the restored Roman theater).

  • Civilization: Carthage, Roman
  • Exceptional For: Historical past, Roman Theater in Use

3
Alexandria, Egypt


Sphinx and Pompey's Pillar in Alexandria, Egypt
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Sphinx and Pompey’s Pillar in Alexandria, Egypt

Alexandria was based by Alexander the Nice and was the capital of the Hellenist (Greek) Ptolemaic Empire till its absorption into the Roman Empire. Throughout the Roman Empire, town prospered and was the second-largest metropolis of the empire for a very long time.

In the present day, it’s the second-largest metropolis of recent Egypt, and just a few Greco-Roman vestiges stay.

  • Civilization: Ptolemaic (Greco-Egyptian), Roman-Egyptian
  • Exceptional For: Vestiges of the Lighthouse of Alexandria, Historic Significance

Associated: The Lighthouse Of Alexandria And What Can Be Seen Today

2
Utica, Tunisia


Roman ruins of Utica in Tunisia
Photograph by Aaron Spray

Roman ruins of Utica in Tunisia

Utica is the forgotten sister metropolis (or rival) of Carthage. It’s situated solely a brief drive away and was as soon as one of the vital essential cities of the area. After the destruction of Carthage, Utica was a very powerful Roman colony within the area for seven centuries.

In the present day, the positioning is abandoned, and guests can see the partially excavated Roman ruins.

  • Civilization: Phoenician, Roman
  • Exceptional For: Historic Significance To The Area

1
Catacombs Of Kom El Shoqafa, Egypt


Kom El Shoqafa
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Kom El Shoqafa 

The Catacombs of Kom El Shoqafa in Egypt is a outstanding necropolis close to historical Alexandria from the instances of Roman Egypt.

These tombs are outstanding for his or her mixing of Roman, Greek, and Egyptian types and are open to the general public immediately. They date from the 2nd century to the 4th century.

  • Civilization: Roman Egyptian With Greek Influences
  • Exceptional For: Measurement, Preservation, Cultural Merger



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